December 27, 2014
By default the tmux Command Prefix is Control-B (
<C-b>). As this isn't the easiest key combination on the standard US layout QWERTY keyboard most tutorials suggest remapping it to Control-A (
<C-a>). I went one step further and remapped my Caps Lock key to be a control key (I wasn't using it anyway). Now any time I need to communicate to the tmux server I can
<C-a> plus a command key.
The tmux commands I issue frequently are:
<C-a> c - create a new pane inside the current window <C-a> , - rename the current pane <C-a> # - switch to the pane numbered # <C-a> d - detach from the current session <C-a> s - synchronization toggle, syncs all panes or turns sync off <C-a> o - maximizes current pane by minimizing all others <C-a> i - equalizes size of all panes <C-a> z - hides all but current pane (great for copying)
Some of these -- creating a new pane or renaming a pane -- happen infrequently in the life of a tmux session. Others -- switching panes using their index number -- happen dozens of times a day.
<C-a> as the Command Prefix adds a two-key combination to each of the tmux sever commands I issue. Until quite recently this wasn't an issue. However I watched several installments of Learn tmux the other day and one of the first suggestions made was to use the backtic character:
` as the Command Prefix.
The trick to this mapping is to set up your
.tmux.conf file to pass along a
` when two are pressed back-to-back. This way you can still utilize the backtic character (as I have creating this posting).
unbind C-b set -g prefix ` bind ` send-prefix
unbind C-b removes the default Command Prefix binding (Control-b). The
set -g prefix ` make
` the new Command Prefix key. And
bind ` send-prefix uses send-prefix to pass
` along to the application. Without the last line above you'll lose the ability to type
After having used tmux with
<C-a> as my Command Prefix for the better part of two years now, switching to
` will take some effort, but I think the savings in key strokes over time will be well worth it.